13 Martial Arts will be featured in the 2010 Sport Accord Combat Games.
Here is some information from the Combat Games website.
In March 2009, SportAccord signed an agreement with the city of Beijing, P. R. China, to organise the first SportAccord Combat Games. Scheduled from 28 August to 4 September 2010, the competition will showcase 13 Martial Arts and Combat sports, both Olympic and non-Olympic. The event will also include a Cultural Program that will reflect the social and cultural values of these sports and Combat Games as a whole.
Each sport will have 80 top athletes competing in the 2010 SportAccord Combat Games. These athletes will go through the qualification system set up by their respective International Federation. It is expected that the world best martial arts and combat sports athletes will qualify for the Combat Games. Both male and female athletes will take part. For those sports requiring weigh-in, different weight categories will be included.
During the eight days of competition, the 2010 SportAccord Combat Games will also include a cultural programme. Indeed, martial arts and combat sports have rich cultural heritages and convey social and educational values. The Combat Games will then serve as a great opportunity to enable deeper understanding of the sports by the public.
13 Sports will be showcased in the Combat Games. All 13 sports are officially recognised by SportAccord. They enjoy a long history, established competition rules, approved safety measures, wide practice and large fan base.
Aikido – International Aikido Federation (IAF)
Aikido is a Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs. Aikido is often translated as ‘the Way of unifying life energy’ or as ‘the Way of harmonious spirit.’ Ueshiba’s goal was to create an art that practitioners could use to defend themselves while also protecting their attacker from injury. Aikido is performed by blending with the motion of the attacker and redirecting the force of the attack rather than opposing it head-on. This requires very little physical energy, as the aikidōka ‘leads’ the attacker’s momentum using entering and turning movements. The techniques are completed with various throws or joint locks. Aikido can be categorized under the general umbrella of grappling arts.
Boxing – International Boxing Association (AIBA)
Boxing is a combat sport played by two opponents of a similar build and ability who fight against each other using their fists which are covered by gloves. Boxing is supervised by a referee and is broken down into rounds. Victory is achieved if the opponent is knocked down and unable to get up before the referee counts to ten seconds, this is known as a Knockout. If the fight is not stopped before an agreed number of rounds, a winner is determined either by the referee’s decision or by judges’ scorecards. There are numerous variations and styles of boxing practiced around the world each having rules which are slightly different.
Judo – International Judo Federation (IJF)
Judo meaning ‘gentle way” is a modern combat sport that originated in Japan. Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the object is to throw one’s opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue one’s opponent or force an opponent to submit by joint locking the elbow or by applying a choke.
Ju-Jitsu – International Ju Jitsu Federation (JJIF)
Ju-Jitsu is a generic term for an almost indefinable system of fighting, primarily unarmed, but in some instance using weapons. Ju-Jitsu Techniques are including of punching, kicking, striking, throwing, holding, locking, choking and tying as well as the use of certain weapons. Ju-Jitsu does not rely on brute strength but upon skill and finesse. It is the use of minimum effort to achieve maximum effect. Applying this principle enables anyone, regardless of physique or stature, to control and release their energy to its greatest potential.
Karate – World Karate Federation (WKF)
Karate or karate-do is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands from indigenous fighting methods and Chinese kenp. It is primarily a striking art using punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes and open-handed techniques such as knife-hands and ridge-hands. Grappling, locks, restraints, throws, and vital point strikes are taught in some styles.
Kendo, meaning ‘Way of the Sword’, is a modern Japanese martial art of sword-fighting based on traditional Japanese swordsmanship, or Kenjutsu. Kendo is a physically and mentally challenging activity that combines strong martial arts values with sport-like physical elements. Kendōka use a shout, or kiai, to express their fighting spirit when striking. Additionally, kendōka execute fumikomi-ashi, an action similar to a stamp of the front foot, when making a strike.
Kickboxing – World Association of Kickboxing Organizations (WAKO)
Kickboxing refers to the sport of using martial-arts-style kicks and boxing-style punches to defeat an opponent in a similar way to that of standard boxing. Kickboxing is both practiced as a full-contact sport, practiced in a boxing ring and as a more light version sport, practiced on tatami. The disciplines in the ring sport are: Fullcontact, Low-Kick and K1-Rules and disciplines in tatami sport are Semicontact, Lightcontact, Kick-Light and Musical Forms. Protection in the contact sports: mouth-guard, hand-wraps, boxing gloves, groin-guard, shin-pads, kick-boots, and helmet. The uniforms are various depends on the discipline, from silk pants or wearing shorts or uniform including belts. All disciplines are very entertaining and popular and attract youth and women all over the world.
Muaythai – International Federation of Muaythai Amateur (IFMA)
Muaythai or Thai Boxing is a form of hard martial art. Today Muaythai uses kicks and punches in a ring with gloves similar to those used in western boxing. Muaythai is referred to as ‘The Art of the Eight Limbs’, as the hands; shins, elbows, and knees are all used extensively. Also the opponent can strike at eight points of contact. Muay Thai is a variation of Muay Boran which translates to ‘Ancient Boxing’, Its form is efficient as it maximizes the amount of damage that each blow can inflict.
Sambo – International Federation of Amateur Sambo (FIAS)
Sambo is a relatively modern martial art, combat sport and self-defense system developed in the Soviet Union. The word Sambo is an acronym meaning ‘self-defense without weapons’ in Russian. Sambo has its roots in Japanese judo and traditional folk styles of wrestling such as Armenian Koch, Georgian Chidaoba, Moldovan Trîntǎ, Tatar Köräş, Uzbek Kurash, Mongolian Khapsagay and Azerbaijani Gulesh.
Sumo – International Sumo Federation (IFS)
Sumo wrestling is a contact sport that originated in Japan, this the only country where it is practice professionally, it is veiwed as a modern martial art. The wrestlers attempt to force another wrestler out of a circular ring (dohyo) or to touch the ground with any part of the body other than the sole of the feet. The wrestlers engage in tradional rituals which include, such as the use of salt for purification and the wrestler mostly live in communal settings known in Japanesse as the Heya where all aspect of there daily live from meals to dressing are dictated by strict tradition.
Taekwondo – World Taekwondo Federation (WTF)
Taekwondo is a Korean martial art. Taekwondo is loosely translated as ‘the way of the foot and fist’ but some translate it as, ‘the art of kicking and punching,’ Taekwondo’s popularity is a result of evolution of martial arts. It combines combat techniques, self-defence, sport, exercise, meditation and philosophy. Modern Taekwondo tends to emphasize control and self-defence. The art in general emphasizes kicks thrown from a mobile stance, employing the leg’s greater reach and power (compared to the arm). Taekwondo training generally includes a system of blocks, kicks, punches, and open-handed strikes and may also include various take-downs or sweeps, throws, and joint locks.
Wrestling – International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles (FILA)
Wrestling is the act of physical interaction using strength between two people. Each person attempts to gain an advantage over, or control of, the other. Physical techniques used in wrestling are clinching, holding and locking. Wrestlers try and Avoid techniques likely to cause injury. Many styles of wrestling are known all over the world and have long histories. Wrestling has been made into various forms used for both sport and entertainment purposes.
Wushu – International Wushu Federation (IWUF)
Wushu, also known as modern wushu or contemporary wushu, can be classed as an exhibition and a full-contact sport. Modern wushu is composed of two disciplines: taolu and sanda. Taolu is a combination of gymnastics and martial arts. Competitors are judged and given points on their movements which include stances, kicks, punches, balances, jumps, sweeps and throws. Competitive forms have time limits that can range from 1 minute, 20 seconds for the some external styles to over five minutes for internal styles. Modern wushu competitors are increasingly training in aerial techniques such as 540 and 720 degree jumps and kicks to add more difficulty and style to their forms. Sanda is a modern fighting method and sport much like kickboxing or Muay Thai, but includes many more grappling techniques.
For more information on the 2010 combat games to be held in Beijing, China visit: http://sports.tom.com/combatbeijing2010/index.html